Posts tagged psychology.
Categorization of People
- Stereotype: categorization based on some sort of similar characteristic, such as a physical appearance, religion, or belief.
- Prejudice: prejudging. Typically a negative attitude about an individual’s membership in a group.
- Discrimination: negative behavior. Actually acting upon one’s beliefs about another individual on the basis of membership in a group.
Effects of Racism
- Economic: keep demands for higher wages & better working conditions down.
- Social: segregation, leading to ignorance between groups of people.
- Political: fragmentation, which leads to the impairment of acting in unison for the better good.
- Personal: ignorance & fear leads to limitations in personal choice & personal choice.
*Full Article Here.
Female Hysteria - Hysteria was a common diagnosis for feisty and disobedient women, dating back to Ancient Greece. Greek philosophers, including Hippocrates and Plato, viewed the womb as a living creature that wandered through a woman’s body, often causing disease. In fact, the word “hysteria” is derived from the Greek word for uterus (hysteria). The most common prescriptions for hysteria were, of course, sex and masturbation, sometimes performed by the doctor himself, until the patient experienced “hysterical paroxysm” (orgasm).
Homosexuality - Many forget that homosexuality was, and is still, considered a mental disorder by many. The American Psychiatric Association did not declassify homosexuality as a mental illness until 1973. Gays were considered mentally ill in China until 2001, after 5 years of intensive study by the Chinese Society of Psychiatry. In many countries around the world, gays are still considered insane and immoral, facing punishment, ostracism and even death.
Drapetomania - Drapetomania was a purported mental illness that caused black slaves to flee captivity, described by American doctor Samuel Cartwright, in 1851. According to Cartwright, the illness resulted from masters who “made themselves too familiar with [slaves], treating them as equals” and prescribed “whipping the devil out of them” as a “preventative measure.”
*Read the full article here.
The defining characteristics of Psuedologia Fantastica are that:
First: the stories told are not entirely improbable and often have some element of truth. They are not a manifestation of delusion or some more intense type of psychosis (upon confrontation, the teller can admit them to be untrue, even if unwillingly).
Second: the fabricative tendency is long lasting; it is not provoked by the immediate situation or social pressure as much as it is an innate trait of personality.
Third: a definitely internal, not external, motive for the behavior can be discerned clinically. (example: long lasting extortion or habitual spousal battery might cause a person to lie repeatedly, without the lying actually being a pathological symptom.
Fourth: the stories told tend to present the liar favorably. For example, the person may be presented as being fantastically brave, knowing or being related to many famous people.
Basically a pathological liar will start off small. First telling white lies or ~half truths~ when under pressure or in an awkward situation, then doing so under no pressure, just for the lulz. This behavior usually escalates, leading to bigger, more complicated - and more unnecessary - lies.
Since we’re kind of on the topic of bad childhood experiences & the effect they have on people growing up, I figured this would be perfect.
Mysterious Skin is about two boys who went through the same traumatic experience together when they were younger, but ended up being effected by it in completely different ways.
*It is seriously the most disturbing movie I have ever seen, there are some parts I had to mute just because they were so difficult to listen to o_o I have watched a lot of movies & none have made me feel this uncomfortable/scared. That being said, I have a new respect for Joseph Gordon-Levitt’s acting because I can’t imagine what it took to act some of these scenes out.
You can watch it here.
REM Behavior Disorder - Person loses paralysis (normal for REM Period) causing them to freely act out their dreams. These behaviors can be violent in nature & in some cases will result in injury to either the patient or their bed partner.
Night Terrors - A parasomnia sleep disorder characterized by extreme terror & a temporary inability to regain consciousness. The subject wakes abruptly from slow-wave sleep, with waking usually accompanied by gasping, moaning, or screaming.It is often impossible to fully awaken the person and after the episode, the subject usually settles back into sleep without waking.
Bruxism - Disorder in which a person grinds or clenches their jaw during sleep. It can lead to facial pain, headaches & in sever cases, arthritis.
Non 24-Hour Sleep-Wake Syndrome - Extremely rare disorder consisting of a person’s body not being able to recognize the 24-Hour sleep cycle. Consequently the body will not allow itself to sleep in a regular day/night pattern.
Somniloquy - Basically talking in one’s sleep. It can be quite loud ranging from simple sounds to long speeches and can occur many times during sleep.
Narcolepsy - A neurological sleep disorder that is commonly associated with falling asleep at random times. Narcoleptics tend to fall directly into REM sleep, when most dreaming occurs, and less commonly enter deeper & more restful stages of non-REM sleep. As a result, they are unable to stay awake for extended periods of time, and upon falling back asleep they are still unable to stay awake for extended periods of time - causing a vicious cycle of extreme sleepiness & inability to stay awake after having slept.
Sexsomnia - A sleep disorder that causes people to commit sexual acts while they are asleep. It is considered to be a distinct variant of sleepwalking. In some cases, sufferers are aware of their behavior for a long time before seeking help, often because they lack information that it is a medical disorder or fear that others will judge them *sad face*
Read the full article here.
The Dunning-Kruger Effect: in which unskilled people make poor decisions and reach erroneous conclusions, but their incompetence denies them the ability to recognize their mistakes. The unskilled therefore suffer from false superiority rating their ability as above average, much higher than it actually is, while the highly skilled underrate their own abilities, suffering from illusory inferiority. Actual competence may weaken self-confidence, as competent individuals may falsely assume that others have an equivalent understanding.
“The miscalibration of the incompetent stems from an error about the self, whereas the miscalibration of the highly competent stems from an error about others.”
Catastrophizing is an irrational thought a lot of us have. It’s basically the general belief that things will turn out much worse than they actually are. It usually goes one of two ways.
One, you yourself make things shitty~ for example being a student, failing a test & believing that you are an utter failure. When in reality, it is only temporary, & another chance to do better will come.
Two, this one is similar to the first, but a little more future oriented. This is the worst, in my opinion. This kind of Catastrophizing occurs when we just automatically predict that things will go wrong for us, even if that kind of thinking is irrational because the actual thing we’re predicting hasn’t even happened yet. Consequently, by believing it, things usually do go wrong.
I read about this here.
‘The impulse to murder seems to be universal, but the reasons that men and women yield to it are as varied and mysterious as human history. To most psychiatrists, murder usually implies a defect in the killer’s ego. Sometimes, of course, the motive appears to be nothing more complicated than the desire for material gain. Other times, however, the motive runs much deeper. Nietzsche’s red judge: “Why did this criminal murder?” Nietzsche’s reply: “His soul wanted blood; he thirsted after the bliss of the knife.
Not many contemporary thinkers would accept this view of man as essentially savage. True, Freud once believed that human beings are born with an aggressive instinct and that “the aim of all life is death,” but he later abandoned the idea.
Frustration frequently touches off aggressive behavior. It can take many forms, and often arises from a feeling of physical, social or intellectual inferiority. It can also result from physical and psychological brutality inflicted during childhood. Describing one parental attack, a mother told Sociologist Palmer, “I thought the boy was done for. His father knocked him from one end of the house to another like a man gone insane.” Observes Palmer: “Perhaps it was coincidence, perhaps it was not. But when he was 24, that same boy beat to death a man 30 years older than himself.”
*Full Article Here